Ihor, 6, smiles in the ‘Katusha’ kindergarten in the city of Kramatorsk in Donetsk Region – one of the areas worst affected by the fighting. The school was shelled twice within eight months in 2014 during the hostilities. Igor witnessed one of the bombardments. Windows were blown out and walls and roofs were damaged as a result of the shelling, causing the kindergarten to close temporarily. The school has since been partially repaired. UNICEF, with support from the Government of Japan, has procured school furniture, sports equipment, bed clothes and other items and has provided essential hygiene and education supplies for the kindergarten, with support from the European Union and other donors. UNICEF, with partners, is also supporting psychosocial activities and training for the students and their parents and teachers to address their traumatic experience. An estimated 25 of its 227 students attending the kindergarten are internally displaced.

On 20 June 2015 in Ukraine, an estimated 5 million people, including 1.7 million children, continue to be affected by the country’s continuing conflict, which has destroyed or disrupted essential infrastructure and basic services, leaving affected populations vulnerable and in need of urgent support. More than 1.3 million people, including 168,000 children, have been internally displaced as a result of the hostilities, and 3.2 million people require humanitarian assistance. Heavy shelling and continued insecurity have also placed conflict-affected people and humanitarian actors at risk, hampering the provision of humanitarian aid and disrupting access to essential medicines and health facilities, and to education. Civilian safety remains a serious concern. Children have been most affected by the conflict. UNICEF is supporting health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education, and child protection interventions, including psychosocial support, group counselling, sport and recreational activities, and