ANGOLA: A UNICEF-supplied notebook on his desk, eight-year-old Bruno Marques, a war orphan, smiles, sitting in class at the UNICEF-assisted Lar de Infancia Otchio primary school in the south-western town of Lubango, where he also lives.
Continuing for more than two decades, the civil war in Angola has contributed to the death of some 500,000 children, as well as created 70,000 amputees including 8,000 children under the age of five. The country’s infrastructure has been largely destroyed, including 25 per cent of its schools and clinics, and 75 per cent of small-town and rural water supplies. With some 12 million landmines, Angola is Africa’s most heavily mined country, claiming 150-200 victims a week. In addition to programmes in primary health care, nutrition, water and sanitation, and agricultural rehabilitation, UNICEF supports landmine awareness campaigns, the demobilization of soldiers, especially child soldiers, as well as special camps for war-orphaned children and displaced people made destitute by the war.